Sunday, August 23, 2015

貼墻沙包裝甚麼材料最佳?

傳統沙包是用粗沙,大約三至五釐米大小。
幼沙空位太少,容易愈打愈硬。如果沙粒不乾淨,容易起塵,不太衛生。
遽說豆類天氣潮濕時容易發霉,生蟲。而且容易打碎,起塵。
鋼珠我未用過,不敢亂說。
膠粒太軟,不食力,練不出功夫。
我自己是用鋪金魚缸底的小石粒,大小適中,感覺不錯。應該在金魚舖有售,買些已用水沖洗過的,方便又衛生。如果再加上適量的幼沙效果更佳。

何謂捨力?

訣云:初學毋用力。
師云:係唔用力,唔係冇力。
我聽徐系師兄說,徐師嘗言:唔用力才是最大力。
我自己的感覺是:當位置正確時,自己是完全感覺不到自己有用力,但對方會感覺到來力很大而不能抵禦。
詠春要練的不是局部的肌肉力,而是整體力,無情力。
何謂無情力?
舉一個例:如果你痞在桌下,有人叫你一聲而你忘了自己是在桌下,一下子想站直便會把頭向桌底撞去,你便會知道甚麼是無情力。桌子有用力打你嗎?痛不痛?

Sunday, June 15, 2014

2 Parables

Resurrecting some old posts to fill space. These tales have no point and may not even be comprehensible unless you have witnessed the shenanigans from the internet flame wars on r-ma during the late 90's and the wc forums on wcml and kfo during the late 90's through the 00's.

Parable #1

Thus I have heard:
;-)

Once upon a time there was a driver who owned a Porsche 911. He could drive it pretty much everywhere he wanted to go, swiftly and without fuss. And life was good.

Then one day he heard on the radio that 95% of the cars on the road are front-engined, and he began to worry. In a moment of panic he opened up the front hood, and found (gasp!) there was no engine there. He ran around like a headless chicken until he remembered the Porsche had its engine in the back.

But the panic did not go away and the idea that he was missing something important in life began to gnaw at him. He continued to drive his Porsche but the fun went out of it.

And then he heard on the radio the even more disturbing story that "real" drivers race. Those who don't race are sissy "dry land swimmers".

He began to imagine all the insulting stares he received from the surrounding drivers whenever he stopped at a red light. "How could I ever go out and face the V12 stopped next to me at the light" was his constant nightmare.

Then one day the idea popped into his head that he could use the empty space in the front of the Porsche to drop in a V8 engine. With both front and rear engines revving he would have a total of 14 cylinders working at once! Even a V12 wouldn't be able to beat that! So with power tools in hand he proceeded to perform the grafting of a V8 engine into the Porsche. When the dust settled, his creation looked like nothing Ferdinand Porsche ever dreamt of.

We are not sure how the car handled or whether it had maintenance issues, but the sound of 2 engines running at once was supposed to be great. The last thing we heard from our hero was he was thinking of jacking up the chassis and adding monster tires so it could go where humvees fear to tread.

The moral to this story? I'm not sure there is any.

And now we return you back to your regularly scheduled programming. ;-)

Epilog: by some weird coincidence of fate, this article appeared some time after the original article above was written.

Here's what the outcome may possibly look like:

Dr. Porsche's revenge



Parable #2

The following is a work of fiction, any resemblance to actual events and persons, living or dead, is totally coincidental (as always).

Thus I have heard:

Food exists in many forms. Ingredients come from many countries, and get prepared in a myriad of ways. There are many different schools of thought regarding how food should be prepared, even when using the same ingredients (cf Iron Chefs), and of course regional palates differ (some Canadians even prefer poutine) as well as the indigenous cooking style.

Food can cost from the expensive haute cuisine to the pedestrian tacos, yet each has its own adherents, for while some may prefer fish, others may enjoy beef or poultry, and some may even be vegetarians.
While food fights do occur (mostly in school dining halls), seldom does one see fights over which food is "better" or more "authentic".

Until the advent of the inconvenient "series of tubes".

All of a sudden the marketing space expanded from a small local region where reputations get spread by word of mouth to a global broadcast where fortunes can be made through the careful choice of buzzwords.

One such example is a small chain of bistros which sells hamburgers. Its hamburgers look no different than those of a famous large chain down the street, nor does it taste any better. So what does it do to distinguish itself from its peers? They came out with a brilliant marketing campaign:

Check out the original hamburger, as perfected on the voyage of the Mayflower. Thanks to this advanced scientific recipe, the passengers and crew of the Mayflower made it safely all the way across the ocean to Plymouth Rock, a great span of space and time (not to mention the energy involved). What's more, both the Pilgrims and the Indians depended on this staple until that first Thanksgiving. The secret recipe was preserved and passed down through the generations as a closely guarded family secret, which is why it was never known until now. The guardians of this jewel of Food Science were named Tom, Dick, and Harry, who preserved this unique gift, unaltered, for over 400 years. (When it was pointed out TDH must have extraordinarily long lives due to the very few generations listed on the family tree, they came up hastily with Huey, Louie, and Dewey somewhere in the middle of the chain, who were left out of the original history by mistake). The hamburger you see now was stolen from TDH some 100 years ago. Some short-order cook from Hamburg saw the ground beef patties and tried to duplicate it. But of course, without the recipe (aka The Formula), he could not reproduce the special sauce and hence the authentic flavor.

With this bit of marketing gimmick in place, the Mayflower Hamburger (MFH) chain is able to garner a small but fanatical following. They must really have some special ingredients in the recipe, for these supporters of the chain are fond of throwing esoteric non-sequitur jargon to describe the experience of a MFH burger meal, e.g. extra extraterrestrial energy suitable for astronauts (who are the modern day analog of the passengers of the Mayflower) in space, where they can commune with heaven and earth, etc. etc. and yet somehow they could never manage to convince the great unwashed how it is superior, let alone be able to describe the taste experience. They always wind up crying in unison, "I am not worthy!"

One day a French visitor came into town. He has heard of the famous MFH burgers and decided to try one for himself. When he reached the establishment, he was greeted by the proprietor. He mentioned that he's familiar with the Big Macs (le Big Mac) and Quarter Pounders (Burger Royale) from the chain down the street, since he's a regular customer of a local franchise in his home country. At the sound of that, the proprietor's face flushed and his eyes bulged out, as he's in the middle of a deadly price war with the other burger joint, and he shouted, "No Big Macs! No Burger Royales! No burger for you!" and slammed the door in the poor visitor's face.

As usual, there's no moral to this story, just something to tide you over while the Hollywood writers are on strike.

What? The strike's over? Never mind then.

Pity. Guess my sequel about the food critic who shouts "I can kick Rachel Ray's @$$" will never be made.

Tuesday, May 20, 2014

My (String) Theory of the Internal Arts

The fundamental problem of most Chinese martial arts is how to effectively and efficiently utilize the ground and body weight to transform a primarily vertical force (body weight) into a primarily horizontal force (punches, kicks and throws).

External and Internal

There are many definitions of external and internal martial arts, most of which I find unsatisfactory. I prefer a more pragmatic definition:

An external art is one where the power generation mechanism is easily visible to the naked eye. For example, southern arts like Hung Kuen or Choy Lay Fat, northern Shaolin like Cha Quan etc., utilize primarily the body torso rotation around a vertical axis to generate power. The detail of how it is done is somewhat unique to each art, and it makes each art distinctive.

The power generation mechanism of the internal arts, on the other hand, is much harder to see by an inexperienced observer, especially when loose clothing is worn. It is much more subtle and the movements are much smaller (hence short power emission (i.e. at close distances) is very common). The action relies on the subtle movement along the spine, bending back and forth in different directions.

How to attain internal power

每一家都有自己的獨特功法:太極站無極樁,形意用三體式,意拳站樁換勁,心意蹲猴,八卦走圈換掌,南派洪拳練扎馬,蔡李佛首練五輪馬,而詠春最重小念頭。

Each style has its own distinctive way to train the body: taiji uses the wuji stance, yiquan has different stances for different purposes, xingyi uses the santi posture, Shanxi xinyi uses the squatting monkey posture, bagua trains by walking in a circle, etc. In southern arts, Hung Kuen is known for its strong horse training, Choy Lay Fat also trains the horse but with more nimble footwork, and Wing Chun uses the Siu Nim Tau.

The Theory

Disclaimer: knowing and understanding the theory does absolutely nothing for improving your kung fu. Only countless hours of mindful practice will do that.

I don't have a good drawing program, so I am just going to wave my hands and talk my way through it without using pictures. We are going to run a series of thought experiments, so put on the safety goggles and fasten your seat belts.

Imagine a vertical wall with a horizontal rope fastened on it, just like in standard high school or college physics texts. If you pull the rope horizontally away from the wall, you can make the rope taut. If you hang a weight on the rope, you can make the rope taut again by increasing the tension (i.e. pull harder in the same direction as previously). Technically it's called increasing the horizontal force.

Now imagine, if instead of a simple rope, we have a segmented rope similar to those segmented snake toys you can sometimes find in a toy store (those which have the snake head wiggle when you wiggle the tail), or like a multi-sectional Chinese steel whip. Obviously the same thing works, i.e. you can support a weight (vertical force) by suitably increasing the tension (horizontal force). So far, so good.

Now imagine instead of having the sections being a uniform length, they come in different lengths, so some are longer than others. No problem, it gets more complicated but everything still works similarly as before.

Next, make these segments different shapes, so besides being different in length, they are also different in shape, so some may be thicker or thinner, others may be triangular, polygonal, or just plain irregular in shape. Again everything still works as before as long as they are attached together, even if the attachment points are at odd angles.

Suppose the individual segments are piecewise attached using something like heat shrink tubing, so the joints are flexible while the segments are rigid, and everything is hanging together as before.
Now for the critical step, rotate the picture 90 degrees so the vertical wall becomes the horizontal floor, the vertical "weight" now becomes a horizontal force, and the "rope" is now standing vertically. So long as tension is maintained (by pulling vertically up) the rope remains taut when a horizontal force is applied.

If you imagine a little harder, you can see the non-uniform, multi-segmented rope is very similar to the human spine/skeleton. The ground attachment is not a single point but a complicated collection of bones in the foot. Proper placement of the foot (aka foot bow) and tibia angle results in a suction like action which helps to stabilize the attachment point and help direct the incoming force into the ground.



太極拳所謂清氣上升,濁氣下降,骨肉分離,大抵是這個意思吧。


Some object to TST's demos as being simple physics tricks (which it is), and useless, which it is not (because of Newton's 3rd Law, the force his body can generate is equal to that of the pusher, hence he is capable of delivering a very powerful horizontal force) and hence infer that he is a charlatan. I don't agree with that assessment. It is not easy to control your body to that extent.

Insight #1: if you create tension (a very misleading word) in the physics sense in the vertical direction by imagining a straightening of the spine (the spine really cannot be straightened too much, but you can have the intent to try straightening it), you can withstand a horizontal push (think TST's demos). The tension is created by keeping the head suspended (蹬頭dung tau), flexing the spine in the right direction (挺腰ting yiu), and dropping weight into the knees (落馬lok ma). By minimizing non-essential muscular tension (there's that word again), the tension (in the physics sense) can be distributed more evenly along the spine/skeleton as opposed to concentrating in a few places (blocking the qi) where it can be easily overwhelmed by the external force. It is a very good thing that the spine is S shaped, because if it were straight, the vertebrae will be stacked directly on top of each other and it is much harder to get the horizontal forces canceled between the links. As it is, at each joint, because of the difference in alignment, the horizontal force gets resolved into longitudinal and transverse components. The combination of all the joints tend to counterbalance the incoming horizontal force (up to a limit). There's a whole lot of complicated things going on along the spine, and all of the joints together works like a bow.

Insight #2: the skeleton coupled with relaxed muscle usage creates a frame. Force can be issued and received with minimal movement in the joints (minimal flexing of the frame). This is known as whole body force(整勁), which is a more efficient use of the body's resources than localized muscles.

This is a first approximation to what I think is happening. I have left out a lot of elements (e.g. the use of the dantian) which may contribute to how things are really done, but it helps to have a mental picture which, while not complete, may offer a rough sketch as to what is going on. I have been thinking along the lines of this theory for a few years now and I haven't seen anything which contradicts or pokes holes in it yet. If anyone can think of reasons why it is wrong or where it should be amended please let me know. It is similar to Mike Sigman's basketball post model but whereas his example is rigid where all the internal dynamics are hidden, mine is more explicit and perhaps, easier to understand.

Wednesday, May 14, 2014

煮酒論英雄

近年葉問電影非常賣座,帶動一股學習詠春熱潮。然而一般八十後對五、六十年代詠春歷史一無所知,甚至有人會誤把虛構電影情節當成歷史看待,這樣對當年為推廣詠春作出過貢獻的前輩是不公平的。

在這個輕而易舉便能學到詠春拳的年代,很難想像到在一九五○年詠春拳只有少數幾個佛山人認識,如果當年有人說五十年後詠春拳將會風行全球,成為世上最流行的中華武術之一,一定會被人當是瘋子看待。

然而事實確是這樣奇妙的。

詠春拳自一八四、五○年代起傳習於红船各祖師,至一九四○年佛山時代每代只傳少數幾人,直至葉問南下香江,經數代弟子的努力才發展成今日的局面。

提起葉問,自然會有人提起到李小龍。無可否認李氏的名氣令詠春更廣為人知,但在六十年代當李小龍在荷李活還是一個名不經傳的小角色時香港巳有數萬人學習詠春,對此李氏是不能居功的。

今天已成主流的兩位葉公子,在一九六二年才移民來港,對五、六十年代的詠春發揚亦起不了甚麽直接的作用。

倫佳、郭富等雖名為葉問最初期弟子,但多年來在國內因種種原因沒有公開教授,直到近一、二十年才廣收門徒。

博士憑其金字塔層壓式推銷,在歐州確有號稱 十數萬的信徒。但在美加和其他有競爭性的城市,不見得有其市場。

張卓慶號稱為世界第二大詠春團體領導人,當年與黃淳樑,李小龍號稱詠春三虎,五十年代四出與人講手,七十年代開始在澳州用Traditional Wing Chun品牌教授詠春,八十年代初登陸美國,鋒頭一時無兩。但自經Emin Boeztepe一役,優勢好像一去不復返,最近又因搞詠春歸宗少林立碑嵩山一事,帶出很大風波。一生功過,尚代蓋棺定論。

在五十年代黃淳樑四出與人講手,令詠春之名不徑而走。今天多位名師皆是黃氏高足,但當年黃氏還是新手一名,尚未設館授徒,傳揚詠春的只有葉問宗師自己及(在五十年代中、後期)兩位大弟子梁相、駱耀(徐尚田當年尚未設館)。各位可看徐尚田“佛山市『葉問堂』觀後感”一文便知大概。

當年葉問隻身來港,棲於三太子廟。若非巧遇舊友李民,由李民的關係認識梁相,而梁相在一試之後便心悅誠服、死心塌地支持宗師在港生活,葉問縱有絕世武功也難在三太子廟長期掛單,說不定要回佛山,可能便會性命不保,更不用說成為世上萬人敬仰的一代宗師了。

五○至五三、四年是關鍵性的幾年,詠春由一個不為人知的小門派逐漸在香港建立了基地,葉問在梁相、駱耀,及較後期的徐尚田等弟子協助下打下了堅固的根基,到後來由黃淳樑等開花结果只是遲早的事。至於後來發展到衝出香港、走向世界,可能亦非宗師始料所能及。

我們今天能學習詠春,在慶幸之餘,飲水思源,亦應向這幾位前輩致敬,多謝他們多年來對詠春不離不棄的誠意。

值得發人深省的是葉問當年已是五、六十歲,身材廋小(據說比現今的葉準師傅還 廋小),肯定不是練外家拳的肌肉形,也不是 練南螳螂的鋼條形。他究竟憑什麼能夠技服當年三十來歲、身材高大、精通龍形、蔡李佛的梁相?是用不能被人扯落的膀手嗎?是 用機關鎗式連環拳還是以攤打破掃捶?這些手法是一個廋弱老頭能有效地用以制服年輕力壯的對手的嗎?如果這些手法在一個廋弱老人或女性身上不能發揮作用,那麽詠春這種女人拳究竟有何奧妙能夠在世界武林佔一席位?

究竟甚麼才是葉問詠春拳(三)

顧名思義,葉問詠春拳自然是以葉問為宗。但葉問自己一生也經歷過幾個階段,由初學於陳華順,吳仲素,至與阮奇山,姚才等日夕切磋的詠春三雄時代,初來香港,任教於飯店職工總會時期,後來也有一段意志消沉,無心教學的日子,最後幾年疾病纏身,那麼應以那一時期的葉問為準?愚見以為與其憑藉臨終前一星期,已經病入膏肓時的錄像,或單憑某一弟子自己的心得和片面回憶,不如由葉問本人的身體條件開始研究,再配合其親傳弟子在黐手時的感受,再用詠春拳理加以印証分析,從而再重新塑造出當年葉問的詠春拳比較合理。

葉問的香港身份証顯示他當年身高五呎三吋,體重大約一百磅左右,圖片顯示他非常廋削,是典型的手無縳雞之力的書生型。所以他不會是像劉翔那般身手不凡的運動健將,當然不會是姚明那樣身高手長,亦不能倚仗亞里,泰臣那種膂力,亦沒有他們的挨打能力。那麼葉問究竟何德何能,能令其門下弟子終生心悅誠服,不懷二心?

葉問門下不乏運動健將,身高力大,好勇鬥狠之輩,他們身經百戰,當然不能說他們的詠春不行,但極其量只能說那是粗枝大葉詠春(套用陳志文師傅語),未及當年葉問自己的詠春幼細。

世上沒有長勝將軍,強如呂布,關羽,也有兵敗被囚之日。所謂盲拳打死老師傅,只要有一身蠻力,又肯挨打,在競技擂台上發揮不一定會比一個苦練多年的中華武術高手差。如果像王大導那樣說:功夫兩字一橫一豎,只有站著的人才能有發言權,那麼如果要葉問自己戴上拳套上擂台和亞里,泰臣之輩爭雄,結果肯定不會像甄子丹電影那樣。同理,要葉問落地和格雷斯家族成員碌地沙,吃虧的肯定是葉問。葉問當年來香港時已年近花甲,在擂台上肯定不會是這些擂台健將的對手,但在沒有拳套,沒有規限的情況下,一個在比賽中完全無望的矮廋老頭或許還會有幾分取勝機會。

意拳王老說:拳拳服膺。如果不能用理論說清楚的便不能被稱為拳。相傳詠春是由五枚所創,由嚴詠春傳下,這是否事實不必深究,但在有詠春拳歷史這百多二百年以來,我們的祖先都選擇承認這個傳說,其中必有深意,正如所有詠春拳套路都是以左手開始一樣。在佛山時代,詠春被稱為女人拳,但未聞當年詠春有任何出名的女將,那麼詠春拳本身肯定是有若干特徵和女性有關聯,而不是像現今常見的那樣完全男性化鬥快,鬥大力,鬥身體質素的詠春。當年的葉問,阮奇山(恕我對姚才所知不多)都是矮小,廋削的身形,他們能稱雄於佛山,不能是靠體形優勢,那麼他們手上的功夫,肯定是有其獨到之處。如果我們想學到葉問當年的功夫,肯定不能走奧運會的更高,更快,更強的一條路,而是要思考一下一個矮廋老頭,或弱質女流如何才能有效地運用得到的技法。

根據張學健的描述,葉問的拳很重,和廋小身形完全不成比例,和他黐手時是無法在他身前站穩,被他隨意帶動,有如像汪洋中的一鞗船在驚濤駭浪之中,始終處於下風,從而陷落萬劫不復之地,任憑宰割。這種說法和當年梁相,黃淳樑初遇葉問試手時的遭遇,如出一轍,所以可信度甚高。只有能做到這樣的人才配稱為一代宗師,才能令其門下弟子終生心服口服。如果單憑大力,一味靠快取勝,縱能一時服人之口,不能永遠服人之心。

怎樣才能學到葉問那樣的功夫?訣云:拳由心發,力從地起。詠春倚賴的不是局部的肌肉力,而是借助地力運用的整體力。誰都知道初學詠春入門要學小念頭,而小念頭一開拳便要扎二字拑羊馬,整套拳開馬後兩腳便紋風不動。據說葉問打一套小念頭要用個多小時。為甚麼要這樣做?因為要練馬,而從扎馬中找到運用地力的法門。當你能有效地運用地力時,你便不必依靠身體局部的肌肉力,這樣一個廋小老頭,或弱質女流便有一點能在壯漢手中奪取生機的本錢。

Thursday, May 8, 2014

帶手

帶手是學習詠春的一個非常重要的環節,通過師父或師兄的耐心引導來喂勁,初學者可以逐步掌握如何在各種情況下正確地運用詠春的各種手法,從而養成習慣。我們應感謝葉問當年將這套系統的訓練方法傳下給梁相,駱耀,而他們也傳下給門下弟子,讓我們今日有機會能夠學到如此巧妙的一門拳術。

駱耀-》盧志禮 Lok Yiu -> Lo Chi Lai

梁相-》吳華森 Leung Sheung -> Ng Wah Sum

梁相-》吳華森-》林展霆 Leung Sheung -> Ng Wah Sum -> Wilfred Lam

梁相-》黃子華-》李家華 Leung Sheung -> Wong Chi Wah -> Lee Ka Wah

梁相-》陳春保 Leung Sheung -> Chan Chun Po

梁相-》鍾萬年 Leung Sheung -> Kenneth Chung

Tuesday, November 12, 2013

論詠春與別不同之處

詠春雖然身為嶺南拳術之一種,但它和其他任何一種嶺南拳術都不同。它不像洪拳的硬橋硬馬,不靠身形,力道取勝。不像蔡李佛靠靈活的步法,配合身軀轉動所產生的離心力。不像同是擅發短勁的東江拳術。葉問傳下的詠春主柔,和北方的太極拳反而有點共通之處。

大多數國術套路打起來可以作為一種健身運動,也可作為一種表演。但據我所知,詠春小念頭可能是唯一的國術套路在開馬後雙腳是完全分毫不動的(意拳以站樁為主,但完全沒有套路,所以不算)。為甚麼?因為葉問傳下來的詠春拳完全是用來練功的,不像其他國術套路可以用來表演,取悅觀眾。所以對普通人來說,詠春拳絕不好看,不是內行人也不知道是在看甚麼,只有練拳者本人才知道自己是想練甚麼,要有甚麼感覺。所以用詠春拳套來做競賽套路是全無意義的,與創拳者的目的完全背道而馳。而評分方面亦非常困難,因為評判如果不能用手接觸參賽者,是佷難判斷只有參賽者自己才能知道的感覺。

詠春是一種非常反傳統的中國武術。大多數的國術門派都是以家傳為主,如太極分陳家,楊家,武家,吳家,孫家,傅家等等。其中一個原因是在舊社會拳術是一個家族用以謀生的工具,如陳家數代走鏢,楊家數代以授拳為業(據傳楊少侯晚年時便因受人挑戰而自忖不敵,選擇自殺一途來保存楊家祖孫三代無敵之名),不把拳練好,為祖宗丟臉事小,打破自己飯碗事大。所以像陳小旺那樣作為某一家拳術的承繼人,其身上所要承受的壓力是非同小可的。但詠春(至少葉問傳出的詠春)從來都不是靠父傳子來承傳的。傳說中的創派人五枚師太是尼姑,不能傳給自己子女,嚴詠春,梁博儔沒聽說過有(或沒有傳)子女,據說是傳了給梁蘭桂,梁傳黃華寶等紅船中人(一說梁博儔直接傳給紅船中人)。其後黃華寶,梁二娣傳梁贊,梁傳陳華順,陳傳吳仲素,葉問等。注意每一代都不是傳給自己子孫。可能是南方比較富庶,不用承傳這種用體力勞動來求生的工具吧。由佛山時代開始,詠春拳成為了一班不用憂柴憂米的富二代的玩意。當年如果葉問不是為勢所逼,要靠授拳為生,恐怕到現在還不會有多少人知道詠春的存在。

子曰:「名不正則言不順,言不順則事不成」

人人都會說詠春是一門精深拳術,是中國最具影響力的拳術之一。但它偏偏沒有一個相應的威武名字,如「大力金剛拳」,「降龍伏虎拳」,而是以一個文靜女流的名字為名。各位可有想過是甚麼原因?

相傳是五枚創拳,傳嚴詠春,繼而傳入佛山紅船,而後發揚光大。創拳者是女流,在中國拳術歷史上雖然少見,但不是沒有(據傳福建白鶴拳便是由方七娘所創)。但創拳者首二代都是女性,在中國武術史上好像只有詠春一家,別無分店。五枚可能是萬年青小說的虛搆人物,真實與否,對學拳沒有影響,不必深究。但自梁贊(可能更早)以來,便是以詠春為名,這便值得研究一下。

細看一下詠春拳的內容,既沒有高大威猛的套路名稱(武松打虎,羅漢下山欠奉),也沒有令人眉飛色舞的招式(雪花蓋頂,攔江截斗失陪),有的只是令人莫明其妙的小念頭,尋橋,標指,膀手,攤手,伏手。這還是中國武術嗎?再看一下傳承表,中國武術多以家傳為標榜,如陳,楊,武,吳,孫家太極拳。但梁贊之後,最出名的門人不姓梁而姓陳,陳華順之後是吳仲素,葉問,都不姓陳。就以近代為例,阮奇山大弟子姓岑,葉問門下公認的四大弟子沒有一個姓葉,這還了得?

回到正題:詠春是一門非常反傳統的拳術,如果當它是一門普通拳術來練習,不但費時失事,還會誤入歧途,泥足深陷,永無練到前人功夫境界之日。不是說這種練法不能打,但它不是詠春拳。亞里,泰臣,播求,Gracies 也很能打,但誰也不會把他們當是詠春拳之能者。愚見以為首先要從詠春拳命名入手:這是一門以女姓能掌握到的技術,不能單靠大力,身高,手長,體重,速度,這些身體質素,如果一個弱質女流(注意我是說一個普通東方女性,五呎二,三吋,一百一,二十磅,不是奧運金牌選手,世界頂級運動員如Ronda Rousey之流)或一個廋弱老頭如阮奇山,葉問是不能運動自如的動作,便不能算得上是詠春拳。至於怎樣才能做到這種動作,拳套裏面已有明示,這是每個學詠春的人自己要親自研究的事。

評詠春歸宗少林風波

最近有一單新聞搞到滿城風雨,張卓慶等人在嵩山少林寺立碑,因碑文涉及“正統詠春“字樣而只提及葉問門下已故的梁相,黃淳樑,李小龍等數人,及尚在生的張卓慶,隻字不提其他人等,令某些自認為是正宗詠春的人士不滿,要開記者招代會澄清,引發張卓慶弟子踩場,又挑起佛山精武會領導階層的權力鬥爭,佛山精武會所被爆竊,機構文件被盜,曾捐錢維修佛山精武會所的人士追查數十萬捐款不翼而飛的下落,非常熱鬧,比平時的詠春鬥爭更加精彩。

其實張卓慶在少林寺立碑之事多月前已在網上流傳。任何人士(詠春與否)只要付出美金一千大元給張卓慶先生便可將名字刻上石碑,樹立於少林寺門外,留名千古。價錢合理與否,見仁見智,總之是姜太公釣魚,願者上釣。

張卓慶近幾十年來教拳都是用"Traditional Wing Chun"簡稱"TWC"這個品牌,以別於其他葉問弟子。這個"TWC"中文通常應譯為“傳統詠春”。不知是有人無意還是故意譯成“正統詠春”,一字之差,便將張卓慶自己的品牌,套落天下自以為“正統”的人的頭上,從而引發出掀然大波。

詠春和大多數的嶺南拳術都說自己是源出於火燒後的南少林寺。這和太平天國,李文茂等人造反,清軍火燒瓊花會館,洪門,天地會製造出一系列南少林故事來支持自己的造反活動是有密切的關連的。至於至善,五枚,白眉,方世玉,洪熙官這等萬年青小說中人物,是否真有其人,可信度應該和金庸筆下的韋小寶,陳家洛,郭靖,楊過,令狐沖等差不多。

南少林寺雖傳說是由十三棍僧其中之一位所創,但多年來從沒有人能發現遺址,甚至連位於福建省那一部位也沒有人能確定,惶論南少林的武功由嵩山少林傳出。再者,甚麼是嵩山少林寺的武功?是嵩山腳下的千百所武術學校裏教授的新派樣板武術?還是傳統公認的北少林拳術如查拳,譚腿等等?但有道是“譚腿出在教門中”,這些一向被公認為北少林主流的武術幾百年來在回族人中流傳,如果說拳禪一如,那麼應該唸金剛經還是可闌經?少林武功姓佛還是姓回?

有人借立碑少林來宣傳兼歛財,有人見有利可圖便乘機搭順風車,但上車後發覺勢色不對,可能是誤上賊船(分贓不勻?)急欲劃清界線。但無論怎樣畫只會愈描愈黑,因為正如George Orwell的“動物農場”最後一句, “The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.”

Wednesday, October 30, 2013

究竟甚麼才是葉問詠春拳(二)?

看了一連串的葉問電影,感覺到這幾部片最大的共通點除了主角人名外,便是這一句話:本片故事內容全屬虛構,如有雷同,實屬巧合.

葉問一
甄子丹身形只比葉問略高,但體格健碩,穿了長衫便掩蓋了這一敗筆,還添加了一分斯文,在造形上是成功的.但全片由頭到尾無論吃飯,打架,體力勞動,都是穿長衫便顯得牽強.甄生一身家傳的傅式武術打詠春只得其形,最多只能說是硬橋硬馬,和詠春的陰柔沾不上邊.但無論如何,這可能是他從影以來演得最好的角色,起碼是一個突破.

葉問二
那張能坐十多人的飯檯比八仙檯大得太多了,顯不出詠春的特色.穿長衫去打西洋拳擂台,有這個可能嗎?

葉問前傳
對不起,我看到葉問拜師便看不下去了.聽說因劇情影射阮奇山,姚才,惹出一場風波,當事人還要公開向其後人道歉云云.

一代宗師
這是黃家衛編說一個他自己心目中的逝去的武林的故事,與現實的葉問全然無關.葉問這個角色其實只是一個數學上用的代號詞,和叫他張三,李四完全沒有甚麼分別,完全不會影響劇情,反而李四這個名字會和片中的一線天,宮二,馬三,更加對稱.章子怡在紀錄片中跟戈春艷學八卦一段顯出她全然不懂八卦,只是裝模作樣,但在戲中在鏡頭遷就下表現不過不失.梁朝偉為拍此片秏時數載,斷手二次,不可謂沒下功夫.看他在片中和紀錄片中的表現,他的梁紹鴻式詠春可算是交足功課了.但在雨中大戰那場戲中他屢次起腳踢人,人是踢到了,但他被反彈力撞開.現實中的葉問會是這樣不濟的嗎?
但黃大導為拍此片確實做過點研究,下過點功夫,金樓的佈景可見一斑,這可能是他從影以來最能被普通觀眾接受的一部片,也是近年除了李安的臥虎藏龍,周星馳的功夫之外值得一看的功夫片.

葉問終極一戰
黃秋生無疑是好戲之人,雖然身材比葉問高大得多,體形也更健碩,但一開場葉問澆花便拍得很有我們在照片中看到的葉問當年生活的味道。黃生肯定在角色造形上花過一點心機。至於武打場面,他是大聖劈卦門出身,不能領略詠春拳的本質是意料中事.導演有意刻畫當年香港情調,飛機欖,樓下閂水喉,借士多舖打電話,城寨醫生,大排檔等等全部出動.黃生也只穿葉問照片裏常見的唐裝衫褲,著文化衫教拳,比甄子丹的葉問現實得多了.這套戲可能是眾多套葉問電影和現實最多巧合的了,敗筆是那部福士小巴由頭演到尾(二十多年)出動至少三次,只換顏色(可能是電腦製作).其實當年這種小巴不是那麼流行,摩利士比它流行得多.福士小巴的演出比它在Little Miss Sunshine 遜色得多了。
內地有些網民對黃生的演繹非常不滿,他們只認同甄子丹的演繹和故事.我只能說現實上的黃飛鴻和關德興或李連杰所演繹的人物和故事是完全沒有關連的.